What is an oil bust?

What’s an oil bust? An oil bust is when the price of oil drastically drops because the supply outweighs the demand for oil. But it’s …

Gaskets: Types, Materials, Applications

7.4       Gaskets Gaskets are used to provide a fluid‑tight joint. They must be made of a softer material than the metal surfaces. Gaskets are generally …

Pressure Relief/Safety Valves (PRV / PSV)

19.0    SAFETY DEVICES Process equipment is designed to operate at a pressure at least 10% above maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP), and at temperatures much …

Centrifugal Pump Troubleshooting Procedure

Centrifugal pumps are one of the world’s most commonly used devices. Moreover. their field of application is continuously expanding. However. new applications often bring about …

Plate Heat Exchangers

Plate Heat Exchangers have a high heat transfer rate compared to other types of heat exchangers due to their large surface area. They are composed …

What are Deluge Valves?

Deluge Valves are used in conditions that call for quick application of large volumes of water and, for that reason, are often integral components in …

Check Valves/Non Return Valves (NRV)

18.0    CHECK VALVES The check valve has a specific purpose, that is, to protect plant and equipment from the consequences of reversed flow conditions.  If …

Emulsions, Oil Desalting, Dehydration Process

This study covers only the treatment of water/oil emulsions. Emulsion breaking procedures can be classified in three categories: Chemical processes: By adding active molecules (demulsifiers) …

Turbines: Types, Parts, Operation

TURBINES: TYPES OF TURBINES & THEIR APPLICATIONS What is turbine? A turbine is a rotating part which converts kinetic energy of a working fluid into …

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